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阅读训练2006-05-09 17:09:00

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 Joblessness is far more than an economic misfortune.It can be a psychological disaster for the unemployed and their families.It can cause illness,divide families and create a downward spiral of feelings of worthlessness and lack of self esteem.According to research done by M. Harvery Brenner,associate professor of health at Johns Hopkins University,every 1% increase in the unemployment rate translates into 37,000 deaths over the next 6 years,including over 20,000 deaths from heart attcks,900 suicides and nearly 500 deaths from cirrhosis of the liver.In addition,Brenner estimates that 7,500 unemployed or their families will be admitted to prison after committing a crime or to a mental hospital.“The impact goes well beyond the individual who loses a job,”said Brenner.“stress caused by economic factors affects our national life at every level.”Men who have been socialized as the family breadwinner are especially hard hit by unemployment.They suffer greater depression and anxiety and have a higher possibility of psychotic behavior than men who are employed.“Nine months seems to be a crucial point when hope and patience give out,”said a leading psychologist. After that,“illness,suicide,alcoholism,divorce,and even crime grow at epidemic rate.”Left without a job,many workers feel they have nothing to look forward to.They miss their coworkers and the routine of going to work.For many,the sense of hopelessness grows worse every time they are rejected for a new job.When this happens often enough,the rejection unemployed workers feel may be exacerbated if some friends and neighbors avoid them as if they had a contagious disease.

  21. According to the passage,which of the following is NOT true?

  A.Joblessness is an economic misfortune.
  B. Joblessness is a psychological disaster for the unemployed and their families. C.Joblessness can cause the unemployed to commit suicide.
  D.Joblessness is a contagious disease.

  22. In what way does the unemployment affect the unemplayed and their families

  A.It makes them ill.
  B.It causes the divorce
  C.it creates a feeling of worthlessness and lack of self esteem.
  D.All above.

  23. According to M. Harvey Brenner's research,if there is 1% increase in the unemployment rate,how many people will die from cirrhosis of the liver
  A.37,000 B.20,000 C.900 D.500

  24. If a man has been unemployed for a year,he ____

  A.will be happy and relieved. B.will be hopeless.
  C.will lose patience D.both B and C

  25. What is the best title for this passage?
  A.An Economic Misfortune. B.The Harm of Joblessness
  C.An Scientific Research D.How to Treat The Unemployed

答案:

  短文大意 :

  本文主要讲述了失业对失业人员及其家庭的危害——身体上的与心灵上的,并运用一项科学调查对该主题进行了进一步的说明。

  21. 答案D

  【参考译文】 据文中所述,下列哪一项是不正确的

  【试题分析】 本题为综合分析题。

  【详细解答】 这道题要求考生在通读全文的条件下进行分析,选项ABC在文中是可以找到的,而选项D在文中末尾出现了,但考生应该注意本文最后一句,是一个“as if”引导的虚拟语气。

  22. 答案D

  【参考译文】 失业是如何影响失业者及其家庭的

  【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

  【详细解答】 这道题的答案在第一段的第二句话,只是表述方式略有不同。

  23. 答案D

  【参考译文】 据哈维·布莱勒的研究,失业率每提高1%会有多少人死于肝硬化

  【试题分析】 本题为细节题。

  【详细解答】 这道题的答案在第二段,考生在阅读短文明注意了每组数字所指的对象,就不难选出答案。

  24. 答案D

  【参考译文】 如果一个人失业一年,他……

  【详细解答】 本题为综合推断题

  【详细解答】 这道题的答案在第三段的第四句话,选项BC只是表述方式和原文不
  一样,考生只要理解“ give out”是指“用完,耗尽”,就不难得出正确答案。

  25. 答案B

  【参考译文】 文章最好的标题是什么

    【试题分析】 本题为综合理解题。

  【详细解答】 这道题要求考文通读全文,掌握文章主题。选项B是最符合本文大意最有概括性的标题

 

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